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CO Surrogates: A Green Alternative in Palladium-Catalyzed CO Gas Free Carbonylation Reactions

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 22 ]


Mayur V. Khedkar*, Shoeb R. Khan*, Trimurti L. Lambat*, Ratiram G. Chaudhary and Ahmed A. Abdala*   Pages 2588 - 2600 ( 13 )


Carbonylation reactions with carbon monoxide (CO) provide efficient and attractive routes for the synthesis of bulk and fine chemicals. However, the practice of using a large excess of an inflammable, lethal and greenhouse CO gas is always a concern in this chemistry. The development of CO surrogates has gained substantial interest and become a green alternative to gaseous CO. Many of the recent studies have focused on the development of other benign and safe reagents to work as a CO source in carbonylation reactions, and the assortment of feasible CO surrogates for specific reaction can be accomplished by the literature data. This review describes the recent developments in palladium-catalyzed carbonyl insertions without the direct use of gaseous CO.


Palladium, heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis, coupling reaction, CO surrogates, carbonylation, CO gas free, green synthesis.


Department of Chemistry, Hislop College, Nagpur 440001, Maharashtra, Department of Chemistry, Hislop College, Nagpur 440001, Maharashtra, Department of Chemistry, Manoharbhai Patel College of Arts, Commerce & Science, Deori, Gondia 441901, Maharashtra, Post Graduate Department of Chemistry, S. K. Porwal College of Arts, Commerce & Science, Kamptee-441001, Maharashtra, Chemical Engineering Program, Texas A & M University at Qatar, P.O.B. 23784, Doha

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