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Metal Doped-C3N4/Fe2O4: Efficient and Versatile Heterogenous Catalysts for Organic Transformations

[ Vol. 23 , Issue. 12 ]

Author(s):

Vijai K. Rai*, Fooleswar Verma, Suhasini Mahata, Smita R. Bhardiya, Manorama Singh and Ankita Rai   Pages 1284 - 1306 ( 23 )

Abstract:


The polymeric graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has been one of the interesting earth abundant elements. Though g-C3N4 finds application as a photocatalyst, its photocatalytic behaviour is limited because of low efficiency, mainly due to rapid charge recombination. To overcome this problem, several strategies have been developed including doping of metal/non-metal in the cavity of g-C3N4. Moreover, the CoFe2O4 NPs have been used in many organic transformations because of its high surface area and easy separation due to its magnetic nature. This review describes the role of cobalt ferrite as magnetic nanoparticles and metal-doped carbon nitride as efficient heterogeneous catalysts for new carbon-carbon and carbon-hetero atom bond formation followed by heterocyclization. Reactions which involved new catalysts for selective activation of readily available substrates has been reported herein. Since nanoparticles enhance the reactivity of catalyst due to higher catalytic area, they have been employed in various reactions such as addition reaction, C-H activation reaction, coupling reaction, cyclo-addition reaction, multi-component reaction, ring-opening reaction, oxidation reaction and reduction reactions etc. The driving force for choosing this topic is based-on huge number of good publications including different types of spinels/metal doped-/graphitic carbon nitride reported in the literature and due to interest of synthetic community in recent years. This review certainly will represent the present status in organic transformation and for exploring further their catalytic efficiency to new organic transformations involving C-H activation reaction through coupling, cyclo-addition, multi-component, ring-opening, oxidation and reduction reactions.

Keywords:

Heterogeneous catalysis, magnetic nanoparticles, photocatalysis, visible light, carbon nitride (g-C3N4), C-H activation, C-C and C-hetero atom bond formation.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (Central University), Bilaspur (C.G.)-495009, Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (Central University), Bilaspur (C.G.)-495009, Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (Central University), Bilaspur (C.G.)-495009, Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (Central University), Bilaspur (C.G.)-495009, Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (Central University), Bilaspur (C.G.)-495009, School of Physical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 110027

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