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Methods for Hydroxamic Acid Synthesis

[ Vol. 23 , Issue. 9 ]


Mohammad A. Alam*   Pages 978 - 993 ( 16 )


Substituted hydroxamic acid is one of the most extensively studied pharmacophores because of their ability to chelate biologically important metal ions to modulate various enzymes, such as HDACs, urease, metallopeptidase, and carbonic anhydrase. Syntheses and biological studies of various classes of hydroxamic acid derivatives have been reported in numerous research articles in recent years but this is the first review article dedicated to their synthetic methods and their application for the synthesis of these novel molecules. In this review article, commercially available reagents and preparation of hydroxylamine donating reagents have also been described.


Hydroxamic acids, hydroxylamine, coupling reactions, catalytic reaction, mutagens, direct synthesis.


Department of Chemistry and Physics, College of Science and Mathematics, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR 72467

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