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Advanced Nanomaterials Synthesis from Pyrolysis and Hydrothermal Carbonization: A Review

[ Vol. 22 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Sabzoi Nizamuddin*, M.T.H. Siddiqui, N.M. Mubarak*, Humair Ahmed Baloch, Shaukat Ali Mazari, M.M. Tunio, G.J. Griffin, M.P. Srinivasan, Akshat Tanksale and Sajid Riaz   Pages 446 - 461 ( 16 )

Abstract:


Background: Carbon-based structural materials are widely studied in the field of renewable energy and environmental sciences. Utilization of abundant, natural, renewable energy precursors together with simple and low energy processes can contribute to reduced emissions of greenhouse gas so is considered as fundamental for manufacturing of sustainable nanostructured materials.

Description: Among different resources available for the generation of nanostructured materials, plant biomass is superior in terms of economic, environmental and social issues. In addition, transformation of low-value biomass to emerging renewable materials is advantageous compared to dumping and incinerating the biomass. There are a number of techniques and processes for the production of nanostructured materials from biomass. Pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) may be used to convert biomass into nanostructured materials.

Objective: This study reviews and compares the production of nanostructured materials from pyrolysis and HTC. Furthermore, the latest developments in pyrolysis and HTC for nanomaterials production are assessed and comparative characteristics are studied for nanomaterials obtained.

Keywords:

HTC, pyrolysis, nano-materials, biomass, nanostructure, emerging materials.

Affiliation:

School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, 3001, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, 3001, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, 98009 Sarawak, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, 3001, Department of Chemical Engineering, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, MA Jinnah Road, 74800, Karachi, Sindh, Department of Energy and Environment, Quaid-e- Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, Nawabshah, Sindh, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, 3001, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, 3001, Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University, Clayton VIC 3800, Department of Chemical Engineering, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, MA Jinnah Road, 74800, Karachi, Sindh

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