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Plant Natural Agents: Polyphenols, Alkaloids and Essential Oils as Perspective Solution of Microbial Resistance

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 18 ]

Author(s):

Silvia Fialova, Katarina Rendekova, Pavel Mucaji and Livia Slobodnikova   Pages 1875 - 1884 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Objective & Background: Emergence and spreading of antimicrobial resistance is one of the serious challenges of modern medicine. Many microorganisms acquired various resistance mechanisms, including mutations of the antimicrobial targets, adoption of resistance genes coding for enzymes degrading or modifying the antimicrobial molecules, protecting or modifying the antimicrobial targets, or coding for efflux systems that pumps the antimicrobials out of the cells. The spectrum and quantity of medically important microbial strains resistant to antimicrobials are steadily increasing. Nowadays, the antimicrobial resistance poses a real threat of the postantibiotic era, and increases mortality and morbidity of infected patients, as well as the cost of health care expenses.

Conclusion: The effort of current pharmaceutical research is to search for new classes of active compounds with better antimicrobial activity and different target sites than antimicrobial drugs in current use. Alkaloids, essential oils and phenolic compounds such as tannins, phenolic acids and flavonoids are important groups of plants secondary metabolites that are not essential for plant survival but are significant for their defense, especially against microbial pathogens. Several studies investigated and approved their antimicrobial effects also in human medicine. These compounds are promising alternative natural antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal agents.

Keywords:

Microbial resistance, natural products, polyphenols, essential oils, alkaloids, antimicrobial activity.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University in Bratislava, Odbojarov 10, 832 32 Bratislava, Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University in Bratislava, Odbojarov 10, 832 32 Bratislava, Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University in Bratislava, Odbojarov 10, 832 32 Bratislava, Institute of Microbiology of the Medical Faculty and the University Hospital in Bratislava, Comenius University in Bratislava, Sasinkova 4, 811 08 Bratislava

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